Charlotte Brontë, 1850.
Charlotte Brontë, 1850.
Interesting article over at TIME Magazine:
“…After all, writers have always turned to each other for creative and moral support. The alliance between Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth is enshrined in literary lore. A mention of Lord Byron immediately brings to mind Percy Bysshe Shelley. And biographies of F. Scott Fitzgerald are incomplete without reference to Ernest Hemingway.
But where are the women in this roster of legendary friendships? Jane Austen is mythologised as a shy and sheltered spinster; the Brontё sisters, lonely wanderers of windswept moors; George Eliot, an aloof intellectual; and Virginia Woolf, a melancholic genius.
Skeptical of such images of isolation, we set out to investigate. We soon discovered that behind each of these celebrated authors was a close alliance with another female writer. But, to this day, these literary bonds have been systematically forgotten, distorted or downright suppressed…”
Anne Brontë, painted by her brother Patrick Branwell Brontë. Circa 1834.
23rd October 1941: Women of Britain’s Auxiliary Territorial Service (ATS) operate a rangefinder during anti-aircraft training on the beach of Weybourne in Norfolk, England.
Weybourne was considered to be at serious risk of invasion during the Second World War, and the region was prepared accordingly.
The ATS was formed in 1938, and existed until 1949, when it was incorporated into the Women’s Royal Army Corps.
Elizabeth Gaskell. 29th September 1810 – 12th November 1865.
Horsewoman in the Australian Women’s Emergency Legion. September 1939. X
The Women’s National Emergency Legion, an auxiliary organisation in Australia during the Second World War, was formed in September of 1938.
Based in Brisbane, Queensland, only women of British origin were allowed to join.
Article from The Morning Bulletin. Rockhampton. 18 November 1938.
Women considered eligible were provided with training in areas considered necessary to the war effort, such as first aid and truck driving.
Miss Tony Mitchell at Somerville House in Brisbane, 1942. Mitchell drove cars and trucks for the US Army. X
When war broke out in the Pacific at the end of 1941 women were attached to US military units to work as drivers and clerks. They also worked for British and Dutch units based in Australia.
The organisation ceased operations a couple of years after the end of the war.
Instructions in the use of the Owen gun. Belmont, Queensland. X
The Australian Women’s Army Service, created to release more men into forward positions in the military during the Second World War, was formed on the 13th of August, 1941.
Sergeant Pritchard (right), the only Japanese translator in the Australian Army. X
The AWAS was preceded by the Women’s Australian National Service in 1940, where women proved they were capable of performing traditionally male roles.
24 026 women were enlisted over the course of the war, and several hundred served in New Guinea.
The AWAS was disbanded in 1947.